IABR–2014–URBAN BY NATURE–, the sixth edition of the International Architecture Biennale Rotterdam, closed on 24 August 2014.
foto: Maarten Laupman
IABR–2014–URBAN BY NATURE–, the sixth edition of the International Architecture Biennale Rotterdam, was open from 29 May until 24 August 2014.
The Dutch landscape architect Dirk Sijmons was the curator, and the theme was Urban by Nature.
The main exhibition was presented in the Kunsthal and the Museum of Natural History in Rotterdam.
An extensive program of lectures, conferences and debate, events and excursions, started on 29 May, and other activities took place elsewhere in Rotterdam. Click here to see the complete agenda.
All films and video registrations made for URBAN BY NATURE– are available on this website and on the IABR–2014– vimeo channel.
image: Maarten Laupman
On June 12, 2014 the International Architecture Biennale Rotterdam held its international conference Productive Space By Design–.
The conference was part of IABR–2014–URBAN BY NATURE’s public program of events parallel to the exhibitions at the Kunsthal Rotterdam.
Intended as a ‘collective thinking exercise’ rather than a series of speeches and round table discussions, its goal was to explore the consequences of the paradigm shift that is identified by URBAN BY NATURE –the irreversible blurring of the urban and natural systems and planning worlds– on the practices of design and of urban development.
Hence the conference’s foremost question was: Can design help us find an alternative model of urban development, one that does not capitalize on the exploitation of land and natural resources, but on the productive capacity of people and space?
Download the Conference Report here.
One of the main challenges that the IABR–Project Atelier Rotterdam faced was how the design offices .FABRIC and James Corner Field Operations were to visualize the material flows that together constitute the urban landscape’s metabolism.
After a thorough analysis of all available data and information an impressive series of maps was produced, in fact the first visualization of Rotterdam’s metabolism. But flows do flow, and therefore it was decided to produce a series of animation films that shows how air, water, biota, food, energy, waste, humans, cargo, and sand and clay "flow" through the urban landscape of Rotterdam, and how the city can make smarter and better use of these flows.
Together with the elaboration of four integrated development strategies and four models that present concrete project proposals for these strategies, these flow animations make up the presentation of the results of the IABR–Project Atelier Rotterdam at the exhibition IABR–2014–URBAN BY NATURE–, open to the public from 29 May to 23 August in the Kunsthal and the Natural History Museum Rotterdam.
The IABR–2014– PROJECT ATELIER ROTTERDAM was another step towards Rotterdam’s goal to become a sustainable city and region.
The results are now in: the research by design, the developed strategies, and the concrete project proposals provide a solid starting point for sustainable urban development in Rotterdam, based on an extensive analysis of its metabolism and that of the Rhine-Meuse-Scheldt Delta in which the port city is a node.
On 25 June, the city of Rotterdam in collaboration with the IABR and AIR organized an event, "Tinkering with the Material Flows", to explore the connections and synergies between the different proposals, and the major Rotterdam players and the local small-scale initiatives that are the building blocks of a successful circular economy.
At the event the book URBAN METABOLISM ROTTERDAM was presented, an overview of the results of the PROJECT ATELIER ROTTERDAM. Published by the City of Rotterdam, the IABR, .FABRIC, JCFO and TNO, it can be downloaded as a PDF at the bottom of this page.
© Roy Borghouts
The CATALOG of IABR−2014−URBAN BY NATURE− is for sale.
The catalog of the 6th edition of the International Architecture Biennale Rotterdam contains a detailed description of the exhibition URBAN BY NATURE– and of all of the projects that are part of it.
Dirk Sijmons contributes an introduction to the theme and introduces the different sections of the exhibition. The work process and results of the three IABR–Project Ateliers are highlighted. Other contributions are by Ahmed Aboutaleb, Yves de Boer, George Brugmans, Johan van de Gronden, Maarten Hajer, Eric Hercules, Henk Ovink, Jelle Reumer, Piet Vollaard and Charles Waldheim.
Edited by George Brugmans and Jolanda Strien
Price: €19,50 (incl. BTW)
Print: full colour + PMS
Now available at NAi Booksellers →
In the context of IABR–2014–URBAN BY NATURE– several books have been published.
The series of infographics of nine material flows (water, energy, biota, air, food, waste, people, cargo and sediments) that CatalogTree designed for the exhibition URBAN BY NATURE–, are based on extensive research and data collection by PBL Netherlands Environmental Assessment Agency.
PBL's Maarten Hajer and Ton Dassen subsequently wrote Smart about Cities, Visualizing the Challenge for 21st Century Urbanism, a strong argument for a ‘smart urbanism’ instead of an uncritical adoption of ‘smart cities’.
This book can be ordered on line at NAI Booksellers: click here →
The book Landscape and Energy, Designing Transition, by IABR–2014–Curator Dirk Sijmons and others, is about designing for the post fossil-fuel landscape - from the solar panel on the roof to the scale of global politics.
Landscape and Energy was the starting point for the project KwH/M2 by H+N+S Landscape Architects, on show at URBAN BY NATURE–.
This book too can be ordered on line at NAI Booksellers: click here →
The Municipality of Rotterdam, IABR, .FABRIC, JCFO and TNO published Urban Metabolism, Sustainable Development of Rotterdam. This book maps the results of the IABR–PROJECT ATELIER ROTTERDAM and explores how these these might become cornerstones for sustainable development policies for the city of Rotterdam. The PDF can be downloaded at the bottom of this page.
Jelle Reumer, the curator of the IABR–2014– PURE RESILIENCE, wrote Wildlife in Rotterdam, Nature in the City, a small history of urban ecology and an ode to the resilience of nature.
This book too is available from NAi Booksellers: click here →